Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook, April 2018 Round

Palay and corn production for January to March 2018 surpassed their 2017 levels by and 4.66 percent, respectively. The increments were mainly attributed to the increase in area harvested and yield resulting from early onset of rainfall, continuous usage of high yielding varieties of seeds, technical and financial assistance from the government and private sectors.
The probable palay and corn outputs for April-June 2018 maybe lower from their respective levels in 2017.


The January-March 2018 palay production at 4.62 million MT surpassed the 2017 output of 4.42 million MT by 203 thousand MT, or 4.61 percent. Harvest area expanded from 1.15 million hectares to 1.19 million hectares. This quarter’s yield increased by 0.54 percent, from 3.85 MT per hectare to 3.87 MT per hectare (Table 1.1).
o Increases in production were noted in Cagayan Valley (2.95 percent), MIMAROPA (0.57 percent), Davao Region (0.54 percent) and   CALABARZON (0.30 percent).
o The growths in production were attributed to:
  • early planting/early harvesting due to construction of newly irrigation facilities from previous rainfed areas which encouraged the farmers to plant earlier than usual;
  • more farmers in MIMAROPA, Davao Region and SOCCSKSARGEN were able to plant early due to financial assistance from the government; and
  • improved yields were noted in Cagayan Valley and Davao Region attributed to the use of new HYV seeds.