Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook, January 2018 Round

Palay and corn production for calendar year 2017 exceeded the 2016 levels by 9.36 percent and 9.64 percent, respectively. The increments were attributed to the increase in area harvested and yield brought by more usage of high yielding variety seeds coupled with sufficient water supply and favorable weather conditions during the year. 
 
Probable palay and corn production based on standing crop for the January to March 2018 are foreseen to be higher by 5.65 percent and 5.05 percent compared to its records in 2017, respectively.
 

Corn

Production for October-December 2017 at 1.63 million MT, decreased by 5.73 percent from the 1.73 million MT output in 2016. Harvest area declined to 571.13 thousand hectares or by 7.38 percent from the 2016 level of 616.65 thousand hectares. However, yield per hectare improved from 2.80 MT in 2016 to 2.85 MT in 2017 
(Table 2.2).
 
o Decrements in production were noted in Western Visayas (1.30 percent), Zamboanga Peninsula (0.87 percent), SOCCSKSARGEN (1.43 percent), and ARMM (2.42 percent)
o These were attributed to decreases in harvest areas due to:
 
  • Utilization of some areas to palay in Western Visayas; 
  • Frequent occurrence of moderate to heavy rains resulted to delayed plantings in Zamboanga Peninsula and SOCCSKSARGEN; and
  • Low yield due to unattended crops in ARMM resulting from peace and order situation.

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