Rice and Corn Situation and Outlook, April 2018 Round

Palay and corn production for January to March 2018 surpassed their 2017 levels by and 4.66 percent, respectively. The increments were mainly attributed to the increase in area harvested and yield resulting from early onset of rainfall, continuous usage of high yielding varieties of seeds, technical and financial assistance from the government and private sectors.
The probable palay and corn outputs for April-June 2018 maybe lower from their respective levels in 2017.


The January-March 2018 corn output at 2.48 million MT was 4.66 percent higher than the 2.37 million MT record in 2017. Harvest area expanded from 695.74 thousand hectares to 722.46 thousand hectares or by 3.84 percent. Yield per hectare increased by 0.79 percent from 3.40 MT to 3.43 MT (Table 2.2). 
o Increments in output were noted in Cagayan Valley (2.61 percent), Zamboanga Peninsula (0.72 percent), Central Luzon (0.52 percent), SOCCSKSARGEN (0.39 percent) and MIMAROPA     (0.37 percent)
o The growth in production was attributed to the increase in harvest area as a result of:
  • early harvest in Cagayan Valley as farmers planted earlier than usual due to onset of rainfall and sufficient soil moisture content; 
  • more areas were planted to yellow corn in Zamboanga Peninsula, Central Luzon and CALABARZON due to higher demand and buying price from feed millers; and
  • availability of high yielding varieties of seeds in Central Luzon, MIMAROPA and SOCCSKSARGEN.