2016 PIYLS - Statistical Tables

Data Source, Coverage and Definition of Terms

Data Source and Coverage

Labor Turnover Rates

PART A. LABOR TURNOVER IN ESTABLISHMENTS


Source Employment, Hours and Earnings Survey (EHES)
Agency Responsible Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)
Reporting Unit Non-agricultural establishment employing at least 20 workers
Reference Period Each month of the quarter from 1989-1997; Quarter from 1998
Periodicity Quarterly from 1989-1997;  Semestral from 1998
Disaggregation Geographic Area:  National/Regional
  Industry:  Major industry group
  Employment Size: 20-49, 50-199, 200 and over (from 1998); 20-49, 50-99, 100 and over (earlier years)
Release Schedule 11-14 months after reference period
Availability From 1989 to 1st and 2nd quarters 2002
Other Information i.)     Field operations for EHES was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) for the BLES from 1989 - 1997.
  ii.)   Due to budget cuts, 2001 EHES was not conducted while the first semester 2002 EHES was limited to establishments in Metro Manila.  EHES has not been conducted since then due to other survey priorities.
  iii.)  The BLES and NSO were abolished in 2013 with the creation of the Philippine Statistics Authority.

 

PART B. LABOR TURNOVER IN ENTERPRISES


Source Labor Turnover Survey (LTS)
Agency Responsible Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)
Reporting Unit Enterprise
Reference Period Quarter
Periodicity Quarterly from 3rd quarter 2002
Disaggregation Major industry group
Release Schedule 3 months after reference period
Availability From 3rd quarter 2002
Other Information i.)     Survey is limited to enterprises in Metro Manila.
  ii.)     Before the creation of the PSA in 2013, the statistics were published in the name of the Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics.

 

Definition of Terms - Part A

Terminology Definition
Accessions

permanent or temporary additions to employment in the establishment due to expansion of business activity and replacement of separated workers and employment resulting from changes in methods/technology of production or services.

Accession Rate

proportion of total additions to total employment.

Employment

refers to persons who worked or received pay during the reference quarter. Workers hired through contractor/agency are excluded. Employment includes the following:

- Working Owners

owners who are actively engaged in the management of the establishment but do not receive regular pay.

- Unpaid Family Workers

persons working without pay for at least 1/3 of the working time normal to the establishment.

- Paid Official and Workers

full-time/part-time workers; employees on paid leaves (e.g. sick/vacation/maternity/holiday/ study leave); and employees working away from the establishment but paid by and under the control of the establishment.

Establishment

an economic unit engaged in one or predominantly one kind of economic activity under a single ownership or control at a single fixed location, e.g. mine, factory, store, bank, restaurant. For multi-unit enterprises with different outlets and subsidiaries or whose activities are located at different locations, each branch, outlet or subsidiary is considered an establishment.

Labor Turnover

refers to changes in the employment of an establishment resulting from accessions and separations.

Separations

terminations of employment in the establishment due to:

  • Quits or terminations initiated by the employees for any reason except retirement
  • Layoffs or terminations initiated by the employers due to economic/non-economic reasons and dismissals due to misconduct, incompetence of employees, etc.
Separation Rate

proportion of total terminations to total employed

Definition of Terms - Part B

Terminology Definition
Accessions (New Hires)

permanent or temporary additions to employment in the enterprise due to expansion of business activity and replacement of separated workers and employment resulting from changes in methods/technology of production or services.

Accession Rate

proportion of total additions to total employment.

Employment

refers to persons who worked or received pay from the enterprise and all its branches. This includes the following:

- Working Owners

owners who are actively engaged in the management of the enterprise but do not receive regular pay.

- Unpaid Workers

persons working without pay for at least 1/3 of the working time normal to the enterprise.

- Paid Officials and workers

full-time/part-time workers; employees on paid leaves (e.g. sick/vacation/maternity/holiday/ study leave); and employees working away from the enterprise but paid by and under the control of the firm. Excluded are workers hired through contractor/agency.

Enterprise

refers to an economic unit consisting of one or more establishments under a single ownership or control. It may be a complex family of legal entities or a single legal entity such as a corporation, partnership or single proprietorship.

Labor Turnover

refers to changes in the employment of an establishment resulting from accessions and separations.

Separations

terminations of employment due to:

  • Quits or terminations initiated by the employees
  • Layoffs or terminations initiated by the employers due to economic reasons (e.g. lack of market, financial losses, redundancy) and non-economic reasons (e.g. gross negligence, absence without leave).
Separation Rate

proportion of total terminations to total employed.