2016 PIYLS - Statistical Tables

Data Source, Coverage and Definition of Terms

Data Source and Coverage

Industry Performance (Establishment-Based Data)


Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) and Census of Philippine Business and Industry (CPBI)

Agency Responsible

Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)

Reporting Unit

Establishment, regardless of employment size

Reference Period





Geographic Area:  National/Regional 
Industry:  Major and minor industry groups
Employment Size:  Less than 20, 20 and over (from 1999); Less than 10, 10 and over (earlier years)

Release Schedule

Two (2) years after reference period


From 1956 for manufacturing and various years for other industries

Other Information

  1. ASPBI and CPBI are formerly known as Annual Survey (Census) of Establishments (ASE/CE).  The CPBI is conducted every 5-7 years.
  2. No surveys were conducted for missing years in the data series.
  3. Starting 2001 reference period, wage data of paid employees by sex no longer available.
  4. Starting 2006 CPBI, a major change was made on the scope of the survey.  It was confined to the formal sector of the economy and as such excludes the informal sector. The formal sector is composed of the following:
    • corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and associations;
    • single proprietorships with total employment of 10 or more; 
    • single proprietorship with branches; and
    • foundations and cooperatives.

    As such, only the following are covered:

    • all establishments with total employment of 10 and over; and
    • all establishments with total employment of less than 10 except under single proprietorship with single establishments.  This change led to a large drop in statistics on number of establishments.
    • Before the creation of the PSA in 2013, the statistics were published in the name of the National Statistics Office.


Definition of Terms

Terminology Definition
Book Value of Fixed Assets

refers to initial or acquisition cost of fixed assets less the accumulated depreciation charges.  Capital expenditures for the reported fixed assets during the year are included.

Capital Expenditures

refer to full value of fixed assets acquired during the year whether or not full payments have been made. Fixed assets refer to tangible and intangible assets acquired and for use of the establishment and expected to have a productive life of more than one year.  These include land, buildings, other structures and land improvements, transport equipment, computer and peripherals, system and application software, telecommunications equipment and apparatus, other electronic machinery and equipment, other machinery and equipment including furniture and fixtures and cultivated assets. 

Compensation of Employees

includes salaries and wages and employer’s contributions to Social Security System (SSS), Government Service Insurance System (GSIS),PhilHealth, PAG-IBIG and the like.

Costs (Non-labor)

refer to all expenses incurred whether paid or payable.  These include materials and supplies purchased, goods purchased for resale, real estate purchased, fuels purchased to run motor vehicles, machinery and other equipment (including, generation cost of power plant), electricity purchased, industrial and non-industrial services done by others, interest expenses, indirect taxes, research and experimental development, bad and doubtful debts, and depreciation of fixed assets for the year and other costs. Goods received from and services rendered by other establishments belonging to the same enterprise valued as though purchased are also include. Valuation is at market prices including taxes and other charges, net of discounts, rebates, returns and allowances.


total amount set aside for the year to cover the decrease in value of physical assets owned by the establishment because of foreseen obsolescence, wear and tear as a result of operation, and normal amount of accidental damage.

are payments in cash or in kind, prior to deductions for employees’ contribution to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc.  These include total basic pay, vacation, sick and maternity leave pay, overtime pay (payment given for extra hours worked), share of harvest given to employees as salaries and wages valued at net cost and other benefits.  The NSO refers to these as gross salaries and wages.
Other benefits include bonuses, food, housing and cost of living allowances, commutable transportation and representation allowances, commissions paid to salaried employees, separation, retirement/terminal pay, gratuities, etc. Cost of uniform/working clothes and reimbursable transportation and representation allowances are excluded.
Economic Activity

or business is the activity of the establishment as classified under the existing Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). Generally, the main activity of the establishment is the establishment's principal source of income.  If the establishment is engaged in several activities, its main activity is that which earns the biggest income or revenue.

Employers' Contributions to SSS/GSIS, etc.

include contributions to the Social Security System (SSS), Government Service Insurance System (GSIS), Employees Compensation Commission (State Insurance Fund), PhilHealth, Home Mutual Development Fund (PAG-IBIG), etc.


This includes the following:

Unpaid Workers

working owners who do not receive regular pay, apprentices and learners without regular pay and persons working for at least 1/3 of the working time normal to the establishment without regular pay. Silent or inactive business partners are excluded.

Paid Employees

full-time/part-time workers, employees on sick or maternity leave, paid vacation or holiday, employees on strike, directors of corporations working for pay, executives/managers and other officers of the same category, working owners, apprentices, learners and any other employees receiving regular pay.  Employees working away from the establishment but paid by and under its control are also included.  Directors paid solely for their attendance at meetings of the board of directors, consultants, workers on indefinite leave, working owners who do not receive regular pay, homeworkers and workers receiving commissions only are excluded.  Paid employees include:

Managers and Executives

include managers, executives and other administrative or technical personnel above foreman level, salaried directors (except when paid solely for their attendance at meetings of the board of directors) and working owners receiving regular pay.

Production/Construction Workers

include working foreman and workers directly engaged in the production/construction process.

Agricultural Workers

refer to workers directly engaged in raising of crops and livestock and other agricultural activities, persons employed in the farm or holding for a period of at least half of the working time and persons hired during peak seasons like planting, harvesting and the like.

Fishery Workers

refer to workers directly engaged in catching, gathering and or culture of aquatic animals/plants such as fish, crustaceans, mollusks, seaweeds, etc.

Forestry Workers

refer to workers directly engaged in logging operations and in development, harvesting and conservation of forest resources.

Other Paid Employees

include other accounting/ administrative/ personnel staff, apprentices and learners receiving regular pay, and other employees receiving regular pay not elsewhere classified.


an economic unit which engages under a single ownership or control, i.e., under a single legal entity, in one, or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single fixed physical location.

Hours Worked by Production/Construction Workers

refer to the number of hours actually spent by production/construction workers at work including waiting time and overtime.  Time for paid sick leave and paid vacation leave are excluded.

Indirect Taxes
refer to all taxes other than income tax, incidental to the production or sale of goods and services which are chargeable as expenses.  Net value added tax, import duties, business licenses, BIR stamps, franchise tax, real estate and other local taxes are included.
Interest Expenses

interests paid for loans obtained from banks and other financial institutions. These include interest in respect of finance leases, interest equivalent such as hedging costs.  Bank charges other than interests are excluded.


refer to cash received and receivables for products/by-products sold and services rendered. These include revenues from main activity, sales of goods, industrial and non-industrial services done for others, interest and dividend incomes, commissions and fees earned and other income.  Goods transferred and services rendered to other establishments belonging to the same enterprise which are treated as sales and valued as if sold to customers or valued at cost, duties and taxes on products when these leave the establishment, revenues from products made elsewhere for the establishment on a contractual basis from materials supplied by the establishment, value of products  sold to  domestic market, directly exported, transferred to other plants or establishments belonging to the same enterprise are also included.  Valuation of products/by-products is at producer’s prices net of discounts and allowances while that for services rendered is at market prices net of discounts and allowances.

Subsidies Received

refer to special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege received from the government to aid and develop an industry. Tax credit, tax and duty exemptions, price support and price discount and interest rate subsidy are included.

Value Added
represents the sum of census value added and value of non-industrial services done for others less the cost of non-industrial services done by others and other costs (except indirect taxes for banking institutions and financial intermediaries; and indirect taxes and interest expense for insurance). 
Census value added represents the difference between the value of output and the total costs of materials and supplies consumed, fuels purchased, electricity purchased, industrial services done by others and goods purchased and resold.
Value of Output

represents the total value of products sold, receipts from contract work and industrial services done for others, receipts from goods bought and sold in same conditions as purchased, fixed assets produced on own account and change in inventories (ending less beginning of finished products, work-in-process and goods for resale).