2016 PIYLS - Statistical Tables

Data Source, Coverage and Definition of Terms

Data Source and Coverage

Employment Statistics (Household-Based Data)

Source Labor Force Survey (LFS)
Agency Responsible Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)
Reporting Unit Household
Reference Period Past week in January, April, July and October
Periodicity Quarterly
Disaggregation Geographic Area:  National/Regional
  Industry:  Major industry group for regional data; minor industry group for national data
  Occupation:  Major occupation group for regional data; minor occupation group for national data 
  Employment in industry are also available by sex and class of worker
Release Schedule Preliminary data: 40 days after reference period; Final data: six (6) months after reference period
Availability From 1956
Other Information i.)    Changes have been instituted in the LFS over the years in sample design, cut-off age of household population (from 10 years to 15 years in 1987), reference period (from week in 1956 to quarter in 1976 and back to week in 1987), population benchmarks and in definition of unemployment starting April 2005 survey round.
  ii.)   Before the creation of the PSA in 2013, the statistics were published in the name of the National Statistics Office.


Definition of Terms

Terminology Definition
Class of Worker

the relationship of the worker to the establishment where he works. This is sometimes referred to as industrial status or status in employment in other countries. This is made up of:

Wage and Salary Workers
  • Worked for private household for pay, in cash or in kind.
  • Worked for private establishment for pay, in cash or in kind. This class includes not only persons working for a private industry but also those working for a religious group (priest, acolyte), missionary (nuns, sisters, etc.), unions, and non-profit organizations.
  • Worked on own family-operated farm or business and receives cash or a fixed share of the produce as payment for his services.
  • Worked for government/government corporation or any of its instrumentalities.

persons who worked for profit or fees in own business, farm, profession or trade without any paid employee. These include workers who worked purely on commission basis and who may not have regular working hours.


persons working in own business, farm, profession or trade who had one or more regular paid employees, including paid family members.

Unpaid Family Workers

members of the family who worked without pay in a farm or business operated by another member living in the same household. The room and board and any cash allowance given as incentives are not counted as compensation for these family workers.

persons aged 15 years old and over who were reported:
  1. At work even for an hour during the reference period.
  2. With a job/business even though not at work during the reference period because of temporary illness/injury, vacation or other leave of absence, bad weather or strike/labor dispute or other reasons. Likewise, persons who are expected to report for work or to start operation of a farm or business enterprise within two weeks from the date of the enumerator’s visit, are considered employed.

an aggregate of persons, generally but not necessarily bound by ties of kinship, who sleep in the same dwelling unit and have common arrangements for the preparation and consumption of food. According to this definition, a person who lives alone is considered a separate household; also a person who rents bed space but makes arrangements for his own food. However, a group of persons who share and take their meals together but live in separate but adjacent living quarters for convenience is considered one household.


the nature or character of the business or enterprise or the place wherein a person works.


the specific kind of work a person does. If a person has a job but not at work, it is the kind of work he will be doing when he reports for work, or will be doing if he is waiting for a new job to begin within two weeks from the date of interview.

Past week

refers to past seven (7) days preceding the date of visit of the enumerator or interviewer.