Life Expectancy at Birth of Women

Reference Number: 

2011-04

Release Date: 

Wednesday, June 8, 2011

 

Females are expected to live longer by 5.53 years than males

The life expectancy at birth for females born in the Philippines from the year 2005 to 2010 is 71.64 years. Derived from the 2000 Census-based projections, this projected life expectancy at birth for females is longer by 5.53 than the life expectancy at birth for males which is estimated at 66.11 years.

Life expectancy at birth for both females and males in the Philippines is 4.5 years higher than the world’s average of 67.2 years

Out of the 194 countries in the United Nations World Population Prospects’ report for 2005 to 2010 (2006 revision), the life expectancy at birth for both females and males in the Philippines was higher by 4.5 years from the world average’s life expectancy at birth of 67.2  years. The highest life expectancy at birth belonged to Japan with 82.6 years while the lowest life expectancy at birth belonged to Swaziland with 39.6 years.

Life expectancy at birth for both females and males in the Philippines is the 5th highest among Southeast Asian countries’ life expectancies at birth

The United Nations’ World Population Prospects report for 2005 to 2010 (2006 revision), which includes 194 countries/territories with 100,000 or more population revealed that the life expectancy at birth for both males and females in the Philippines was the 5th highest among those of the 11 Southeast Asian countries. Singapore had the highest (80.0 years) life expectancy at birth and Cambodia, the lowest (59.7 years).

Life expectancy at birth for females islongest in Region I

From the data of the 2000 Census-based projections, the life expectancy at birth for males and females differed by region. It could be noted that seven regions namely, NCR, I, II, III, IVA, VI, and VII have higher life expectancy at birth than the national figure. Among the 17 regions in the country, the longest life expectancy at birth for females which was 74.72 years was in Region I. The second longest life expectancy at birth was found in NCR which was 74.35 years while the third longest life expectancy at birth which was 74.21 years was in Region III.

On the other hand, the shortest life expectancy at birth for females was found in the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) which was 60.43 years. The second shortest life expectancy at birth was in Region XIII which was 69.29 years while Region XI had the third shortest life expectancy at birth for females which was 69.91 years.

For males, the longest life expectancy at birth was in Region I which was 68.37 years. The second longest life expectancy at birth was found in NCR which was 67.61 years while the third highest life expectancy at birth which was 67.52 years was in Region III.

The shortest life expectancy at birth for males was found in ARMM which was 59.44 years. The next shortest life expectancy at birth for males was in Region XIII which was 63.94 years, followed by 64.61 years in Region IX.

 

Life expectancy at birth for females is longest in Ilocos Norte at 75.95 years

Across provinces, the longest life expectancy at birth for females was in Ilocos Norte at 75.95 years. This was followed by 75.75 years’ life expectancy at birth in Batangas while the third longest life expectancy at birth for females was in La Union with 75.60 years.

In contrast, the shortest life expectancy at birth for females was in Tawi-tawi with only 57.50 years. This was followed by 58.53 years’ life expectancy at birth in Sulu while the third shortest life expectancy at birth for females was in Maguindanao with only 61.65 years.

For males, the longest life expectancy at birth among provinces was in Cebu with 69.19 years. This was followed by the life expectancy at birth in Pampanga with 69.11 years and in Batangas with 69.08 years life expectancy at birth.

The shortest life expectancy at birth for males follows the life expectancy at birth pattern for females among provinces. Males in Tawi-tawi had 56.13 years, males in Sulu had 56.97 years, and males in Maguindanao had 60.30 years.

Females in NCR will outlive men by 6.74 years

Among the 17 regions, females born from 2005 to 2010 in NCR will outlive males by the longest number of years which is 6.74 years. It means that by the time males will have died, the females will continue to live by 6.74 years more. Females in Region III will outlive males by 6.69 years while females in Region IVA will outlive males by 6.63 years.

Conversely, females in ARMM will outlive males by almost one year (0.99 year). Females in Region XI will outlive males by 4.29 years and females Region IVB will outlive males by 4.63 years.

Females in Ilocos Sur will outlive males by 8.37 years

Among provinces, females in Ilocos Sur born from 2005 to 2010 got the highest record who will outlive their counterparts by 8.37 years. It was followed by females in Cavite who will outlive males by 7.55 years and by females in Surigao del Norte who will outlive males by 7.52 years.

On the contrary, the least number of years that females will outlive males was found in three provinces of ARMM. Females in Lanao del Sur will outlive males by only 0.87 year. Females in Maguindanao will outlive males by 1.35
years and females in Tawi-tawi will outlive males by 1.37 years. 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

The data presented in this factsheet are based on the medium assumption of the 2000 Census-based Population Projections. It was produced by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in collaboration with the Inter-Agency Working Group (which utilized the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (CPH) as base population).

As used in this factsheet, life expectancy at birth reflects the overall mortality level of a population. Shryock and Siegel (1980) discussed that life expectancy at birth represents a summarization of the whole series of mortality rates for all ages combined, as weighted by the life table stationary population.

Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life (United Nations Population Department). The age-specific death rates derived from the registered deaths is a component in the computation of life expectancy at birth. Since the registration of deaths in the Philippines is incomplete, the death rates for ages 5 and over had to be corrected first using the estimated level of completeness, yielded by the Preston and Coale Method, before its use in computing the life expectancy at birth.

Source: National Statistics Office,
               2000 Census-based Population Projections
               Manila, Philippines

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