Employment Rate Estimated at 93.6 percent in April 2015

Reference Number: 

2015-045

Release Date: 

Tuesday, June 9, 2015

 

Results from the April 2015 Labor Force Survey (LFS)

 

Philippines

April 2015a/

(Excludes Leyte)

April 2014

(Excludes Leyte)

Population 15 years and over (in 000)

64,802

63,772

Labor Force Participation Rate (%)

64.6

65.2

Employment Rate (%)

93.6

93.0

Unemployment Rate (%)

6.4

7.0

Underemployment Rate (%)

17.8

18.2

a/ Estimates for April 2015 are preliminary and may change.

The province of Leyte was not covered in the April 2014 and April 2015 LFS.

 

The employment rate in April 2015 was estimated at 93.6 percent.  The employment rate for April 2014 was estimated at 93.0 percent.
 
Four regions, namely, National Capital Region (NCR) (90.7%), Ilocos Region (91.6%), Central Luzon (92.0%), and CALABARZON (92.1%) had employment rates lower than the national figure (Table 4).  The labor force participation rate (LFPR) in April 2015 was estimated at 64.6 percent.  The LFPR in April 2014 was estimated at 65.2 percent.  The labor force population consists of the employed and the unemployed 15 years old and over.
 
Workers were grouped into three broad sectors, namely, agriculture, industry and services sector.  Workers in the services sector comprised the largest proportion of the population who are employed.  These workers made up 54.2 percent of the total employed in April 2015 (Table 1).   Among them, those engaged in wholesale and retail trade or in the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles accounted for the largest percentage (35.3%) of workers in services sector (Table 2).  In April 2014, workers in the services sector accounted for 52.8 percent of the total employed, with those engaged in wholesale and retail trade or in the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles making up the largest proportion (35.7%) of workers in services sector (Tables 1 and 2).
 
Workers in the agriculture sector comprised the second largest group making up 29.3 percent of the total employed in April 2015, while workers in the industry sector made up the smallest group registering 16.5 percent of the total employed.  Similar percentages were recorded for April 2014, with workers in agriculture making up at 30.7 percent of the total employed, and workers in industry sector, 16.4 percent.  The April 2015 LFS results also showed that in the industry sector, workers in the manufacturing subsector made up the largest group, accounting for 50.8 percent of workers in this sector, and those in construction, the second largest group, making up 43.1 percent (Tables 1 and 2).
 
Among the occupation groups, the laborers and unskilled workers remained the largest group making up 31.4 percent of the total employed in April 2015 (Table 1).  In April 2014, such workers made up 32.3 percent of the total employed in that period.  Officials of the Government and special interest organizations, corporate executives, managers, and managing proprietors (16.5% of the total employed) comprised the second largest occupation group, followed by farmers, forestry workers and fishermen (13.0%), and service workers and shop/market sales workers (12.7%).
 
Employed persons fall into any of these broad categories: (1) wage and salary workers, (2) self-employed workers without any paid employee, (3) employers in own family-operated farm or business, and (4) unpaid family workers.  Wage and salary workers were classified further as those who work for private households, private establishments, government or government-controlled corporations, and those who work with pay in own family-operated farm or business.  In April 2015, the wage and salary workers made up 57.8 percent of the total employed, with those working in private establishments continuing to account for the largest percentage (Table 1).  They made up 44.6 percent of the total employed in April 2015 and 44.7 percent in April 2014.  The second largest class of workers were the self-employed making up 28.2 percent of the total employed both in April 2015 and April 2014.  The third largest class of workers consisted of the unpaid family workers, accounting for 11.1 percent of the total employed in April 2015, and 11.2 percent of the total employed in April 2014.
 
Employed persons are classified as either full-time workers or part-time workers.  Full-time workers refer to those who work for 40 hours or more in a week, while part-time workers work for less than 40 hours.  Of the total employed persons in April 2015, 58.2 percent were full-time workers, while 39.6 percent were part-time workers (Table 2).  By comparison, in April 2014, full-time workers comprised 59.3 percent while part-time workers, 38.7 percent.  In April 2015, workers worked 39.6 hours per week, on the average, compared to 40.3 hours in April 2014.
 
By definition, employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job, or to have additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours are considered underemployed.  In April 2015, the underemployment rate, which is the percentage of the underemployed to the total employed, was estimated at 17.8 percent, while it was estimated at 18.2 percent in April 2014.
 
Underemployed persons who work for less than 40 hours in a week are called visibly underemployed persons.  They accounted for 61.7 percent of the total underemployed in April 2015 (Table 3).  The proportion in the same month of 2014 was 61.0 percent.  By comparison, the underemployed persons who worked for 40 hours or more in a week made up 34.9 percent in April 2015.  By sector, 41.6 percent of the underemployed worked in the agriculture sector, while 39.8 percent were in the services sector.  Those in the industry sector accounted for 18.6 percent (Table 3).
 
The unemployment rate in April 2015 was estimated at 6.4 percent.  Last April 2014, the unemployment rate was 7.0 percent.  Among the regions, the NCR (9.3%), Ilocos Region (8.4%), Central Luzon (8.0%), and CALABARZON (7.9%) had unemployment rates higher than the national figure (Table 4).
 
Among the unemployed persons in April 2015, 63.1 percent were males.  Of the total unemployed, the age group 15 to 24 years comprised 50.4 percent, while the age group 25 to 34, 30.1 percent. By educational attainment, 22.2 percent of the unemployed were college graduates, 12.6 percent were college undergraduates, and 33.3 percent were high school graduates (Table 3). 
 
 
 
LISA GRACE S. BERSALES, Ph.D.
National Statistician

 

 

Technical Notes

 
Starting July 2003, the Labor Force Survey (LFS) adopted the 2003 Master Sample Design, with a sample size of approximately 50,000 households. 
 
Starting January 2012 LFS, the codes for industry adopted the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC).  Prior to this, codes for industry used the 1994 PSIC.
 
Question on vocational course was introduced in the January 2012 LFS questionnaire.
 
Starting April 2005, the new unemployment definition was adopted per NSCB Resolution Number 15 dated October 20, 2004.  As indicated in the said resolution, the unemployed include all persons who are 15 years and over as of their last birthday and are reported as: (1) without work and currently available for work and seeking work; or (2) without work and currently available for work but not seeking work for the following reasons:
 
1. Tired/believed no work available
2. Awaiting results of previous job application
3. Temporary illness/disability
4. Bad weather
5. Waiting for rehire/job recall
 
Starting with the July 2007 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (CPH) was adopted to generate the labor force statistics.  The 2000 CPH-based population projections  has been endorsed as the official figures to be utilized for planning and programming purposes per NSCB Resolution No. 7 Series of 2006, entitled “Adopting  the Methodology Used in Generating the 2000 Census of Population and Housing-Based National Regional and Provincial Population Projections”.
 
Overseas Filipino Workers are not considered part of the labor force in the Philippines.  Hence, in the LFS, data on economic characteristics of household members who are overseas workers are not collected.  For the LFS reports, they are excluded in the estimation of the size of working population, that is, population aged 15 years and older, and in the estimation of the labor force.
 
The province of Leyte was not covered in the April 2015 LFS.  A new sampling frame for the province of Leyte has to be created.  This is because of the large number of households in Leyte which were displaced by typhoon Yolanda.  The old listing of households for Leyte used as sampling frame for the 2003 Master Sample is no longer usable.  
 

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